FRA-chT

  France 2003
Date Players Type Elo Average Games Rounds
Jan 31, 2003 226 Team 2336 791 11

  Name ELO Points
  GM Fressinet, Laurent 2593 9.5
  GM Apicella, Manuel 2501 9.0
  GM Adams, Michael 2734 8.5
  GM Kazhgaleyev, Murtas 2604 8.5
  IM Skripchenko, Almira 2501 8.5
  IM Milliet, Sophie 2231 8.5
  GM Tregubov, Pavel V 2612 8.0
  GM Bauer, Christian 2579 8.0
  WGM Leconte, Maria 2322 8.0
  GM Grischuk, Alexander 2712 7.5
  GM Sokolov, Ivan 2688 7.5
  GM Tkachiev, Vladislav 2642 7.5
  GM Degraeve, Jean Marc 2542 7.5
  GM Sulava, Nenad 2535 7.5
  GM Relange, Eloi 2499 7.5
  GM Lautier, Joel 2670 7.0
  GM Pelletier, Yannick 2624 7.0
  GM Vaisser, Anatoly 2563 7.0
  GM Komarov, Dimitri 2560 7.0
  GM Schlosser, Philipp 2534 7.0
  GM Marciano, David 2502 7.0
  IM Marzolo, Cyril 2480 7.0
  GM Bricard, Emmanuel 2458 7.0
  Aleksieva, Silvia 2333 7.0
  IM Giffard, Nicolas 2317 7.0
  GM Bacrot, Etienne 2671 6.5
  GM Fontaine, Robert 2529 6.5
  GM Gallagher, Joseph G 2526 6.5
  GM Hebden, Mark L 2515 6.5
  GM Efimov, Igor 2480 6.5
  IM Beikert, Guenther 2444 6.5
  IM Vallin, Guillaume 2412 6.5
  GM Cornette, Matthieu 2329 6.5
  WIM Moingt, Anne 2217 6.5
  WIM Flear, Christine 2213 6.5
  GM Nijboer, Friso 2553 6.0
  GM Nataf, Igor Alexandre 2545 6.0
  GM Godena, Michele 2529 6.0
  GM Hauchard, Arnaud 2512 6.0
  GM Legky, Nikolay A 2507 6.0
  GM Flear, Glenn C 2503 6.0
  GM Renet, Olivier 2497 6.0
  GM Charnushevich, Aliaksei 2486 6.0
  IM Schenk, Andreas 2478 6.0
  GM Miralles, Gilles 2451 6.0
  IM Bellaiche, Anthony 2427 6.0
  IM Bujisho, Benjamin 2408 6.0
  IM Brochet, Philippe 2407 6.0
  GM Chabanon, Jean Luc 2382 6.0
  FM Sarthou, Gaetan 2375 6.0
  IM Nezar, Mustapha 2320 6.0
  WIM Nicoara, Malina 2268 6.0
  GM Lutz, Christopher 2640 5.5
  GM Hamdouchi, Hichem 2615 5.5
  GM Istratescu, Andrei 2593 5.5
  GM Delchev, Aleksander 2583 5.5
  GM Prie, Eric 2446 5.5
  IM Eliet, Nicolas 2422 5.5
  IM Tirard, Hugo 2399 5.5
  IM Godard, Maxence 2353 5.5
  IM Philippe, Christophe 2300 5.5
  FM Peter, Sebastien 2238 5.5
  IM Sokolov, Andrei 2649 5.0
  GM Gurevich, Mikhail 2634 5.0
  GM Baklan, Vladimir 2605 5.0
  GM Glek, Igor 2576 5.0
  GM Luther, Thomas 2575 5.0
  GM Shchekachev, Andrei 2572 5.0
  IM Rausis, Igors 2541 5.0
  GM Galdunts, Sergey 2487 5.0
  GM Pert, Nicholas 2468 5.0
  IM Sermier, Guillaume 2379 5.0
  FM Brunelliere, Pierre 2332 5.0
  Doornbos, Yann 2318 5.0
  FM Spielmann, Alain 2305 5.0
  FM Garrido, Denis 2270 5.0
  Guyot, Philippe 2261 5.0
  GM Georgiev, Kiril 2654 4.5
  GM Bischoff, Klaus 2564 4.5
  GM Pinter, Jozsef 2562 4.5
  GM Rotstein, Arkadij 2544 4.5
  GM Banikas, Hristos 2515 4.5
  GM Nikolaidis, Ioannis 2512 4.5
  GM Santo Roman, Marc 2504 4.5
  IM Koch, Jean Rene 2479 4.5
  GM Nikcevic, Nebojsa 2468 4.5
  GM Maze, Sebastien 2407 4.5
  IM Rainfray, Arnaud 2392 4.5
  GM Wirig, Anthony 2347 4.5
  IM Mensch, Etienne 2346 4.5
  FM Geenen, Marc 2345 4.5
  FM Moracchini, Fabrice 2302 4.5
  Te Llalemand, Rosa 2283 4.5
  WIM Gervais, Claire 2151 4.5
  Franc, Nathalie 2098 4.5
  Klipper, Rebecca 2063 4.5
  Hisleur, Gaelle 1810 4.5
  GM Svidler, Peter 2713 4.0
  GM Bologan, Victor 2630 4.0
  GM David, Alberto 2548 4.0
  GM Kosten, Anthony C 2545 4.0
  GM Conquest, Stuart C 2539 4.0
  GM Marcelin, Cyril 2503 4.0
  IM Sharif, Mehrshad 2473 4.0
  GM Anic, Darko 2455 4.0
  IM Payen, Arnaud 2359 4.0
  IM Touzane, Olivier 2333 4.0
  FM Berthelot, Yannick 2311 4.0
  GM Movsesian, Sergei 2659 3.5
  GM Dorfman, IossifD 2610 3.5
  GM Dautov, Rustem 2604 3.5
  GM Van den Doel, Erik 2588 3.5
  IM Leski, Marc 2421 3.5
  IM Nguyen, Chi Minh 2366 3.5
  IM Crut, Aurelien 2344 3.5
  Pujos, Stephane 2331 3.5
  FM Mohebbi, Jafar 2291 3.5
  FM Gerard, Nicolas 2249 3.5
  Gouret, Thierry 2248 3.5
  FM Letreguilly, Olivier 2238 3.5
  GM Vallejo Pons, Francisco 2629 3.0
  GM Landa, Konstantin 2569 3.0
  GM Kindermann, Stefan 2516 3.0
  IM Adrian, Claude 2326 3.0
  FM Leriche, Eric 2316 3.0
  IM Mullon, Jean Baptiste 2313 3.0
  FM Beudaert, Xavier 2293 3.0
  GM Riff, Jean Noel 2243 3.0
  Bernard, Jacques 2201 3.0
  Sermier, Alain 2157 3.0
  Pilotelle, Barbara 2022 3.0
  Negraru, Mirela 1870 3.0
  GM Arizmendi Martinez, Julen Luis 2520 2.5
  IM Karr, Jean Philippe 2376 2.5
  IM Wagner, Claude 2360 2.5
  IM Levacic, Damir 2296 2.5
  FM Crouan, Stephane 2275 2.5
  FM Leygue, Dominique 2242 2.5
  IM Netzer, Jean 2223 2.5
  Mazet, Julien 2221 2.5
  Moret, Vincent 2178 2.5
  GM Van Wely, Loek 2668 2.0
  IM Afek, Yochanan 2386 2.0
  IM Etchegaray, Patrice 2344 2.0
  GM Libiszewski, Fabien 2332 2.0
  FM Taddei, Benoit 2320 2.0
  FM Moingt, Jean Claude 2308 2.0
  Lopez, Jorge 2259 2.0
  FM Lefebvre, Herve 2202 2.0
  Sonnet, Jean Pierre 2144 2.0
  Besson, Bastien 2142 2.0
  Gallissot, Alexandre 2104 2.0
  GM Bareev, Evgeny 2729 1.5
  GM Ward, Chris G 2513 1.5
  GM Jansa, Vlastimil 2504 1.5
  GM Sebag, Marie 2403 1.5
  IM Salaun, Yann 2386 1.5
  FM Piroth, Attila 2324 1.5
  FM Van Hoolandt, Patrick 2298 1.5
  FM Daurelle, Herve 2270 1.5
  Marchadour, Emilie 1920 1.5
  GM Kramnik, Vladimir 2807 1.0
  GM Khenkin, Igor 2624 1.0
  GM Illescas Cordoba, Miguel 2595 1.0
  GM Agrest, Evgenij 2591 1.0
  GM Slobodjan, Roman 2514 1.0
  IM Armas, Julius 2378 1.0
  IM Costa, Jean Luc 2373 1.0
  Nguyen Chi Minh, 2366 1.0
  FM Verat, Laurent 2353 1.0
  FM Parmentier, Xavier 2339 1.0
  Delebarre, Xavier 2307 1.0
  FM Peyrat, Olivier 2286 1.0
  IM Brunner, Nicolas 2259 1.0
  CM Cousigne, Frederic 2253 1.0
  Van Heirzeele, Daniel 2231 1.0
  FM Delorme, Alban 2220 1.0
  Buchy, Daniel 2189 1.0
  Lucchetti, Philippe 2181 1.0
  WFM Marchadour, Claire 2099 1.0
  Le Roch, Daniel 2077 1.0
  Kreuscher, Wolfgang 2069 1.0
  Sorin, Baptiste 2066 1.0
  Le Gallo, Frederic 2040 1.0
  Barakoff, Annie 1830 1.0
  GM Nikolic, Predrag 2643 0.5
  GM Milov, Vadim 2592 0.5
  GM McShane, Luke J 2568 0.5
  FM Goldgewicht, Lionel 2362 0.5
  FM De Sousa, Jose Claude 2304 0.5
  FM Kuklin, Valentin 2252 0.5
  Theon, Pierre 2209 0.5
  Bordi, Kevin 2173 0.5
  Pellaton, Bernard 2162 0.5
  Vaugeois, Cyrille 2127 0.5
  Goncalves, Laurent 2118 0.5
  Bauer, Laurent 2079 0.5
  GM Delorme, Axel 2071 0.5
  Denisart, Anthony 2067 0.5
  Joanovits, Marion 2065 0.5
  Ruest, Olivier 1920 0.5
  Rapaire, Jean Michel 1830 0.5
  GM Baburin, Alexander 2558 0.0
  FM Sorin, Maxime 2318 0.0
  Koch, Hans Juergen 2288 0.0
  FM Sorbe, Stephane 2242 0.0
  Stephan, Jean Marie 2240 0.0
  Foucaud, Simon 2227 0.0
  Gengler, Pierre 2182 0.0
  Bourel, Florent 2145 0.0
  Ignat, Diana 2109 0.0
  Soyez, Cyril 2093 0.0
  Mourot, Felix 2076 0.0
  Jeitz, Christian 2074 0.0
  Bussachini, Michel 2056 0.0
  Iglesias, Iannis 2033 0.0
  Conan, Claude 2030 0.0
  Coulon, Maxcellend 2030 0.0
  Zaffaroni, Jeremie 2013 0.0
  GM Feller, Sebastien 1974 0.0
  WIM Steil Antoni, Fiona 1936 0.0
  Mourot, Clara 1920 0.0
  Cid, Nadia 1810 0.0
  Simon, Gerard 1610 0.0
  Lofi, Sarah 0.0
  BYE, 0.0
  Name ELO Points
  GM Fressinet, Laurent 2593 9.5
  GM Apicella, Manuel 2501 9.0
  GM Adams, Michael 2734 8.5
  GM Kazhgaleyev, Murtas 2604 8.5
  IM Skripchenko, Almira 2501 8.5
  IM Milliet, Sophie 2231 8.5
  GM Tregubov, Pavel V 2612 8.0
  GM Bauer, Christian 2579 8.0
  WGM Leconte, Maria 2322 8.0
  GM Grischuk, Alexander 2712 7.5
  GM Sokolov, Ivan 2688 7.5
  GM Tkachiev, Vladislav 2642 7.5
  GM Degraeve, Jean Marc 2542 7.5
  GM Sulava, Nenad 2535 7.5
  GM Relange, Eloi 2499 7.5
  GM Lautier, Joel 2670 7.0
  GM Pelletier, Yannick 2624 7.0
  GM Vaisser, Anatoly 2563 7.0
  GM Komarov, Dimitri 2560 7.0
  GM Schlosser, Philipp 2534 7.0
    Show full players list    

FRA-chT Games

White Black Result Round Date Opening View
Delchev, A Nikcevic, N 1-0 1 Jan 31, 2003 A20 English opening  
Lucchetti, P Nikolaidis, I 0-1 1 Jan 31, 2003 B22 Sicilian, Alapin's variation (2.c3)  
Vaisser, A Guyot, P 1-0 1 Jan 31, 2003 E76 King's Indian, Four pawns attack  
Klipper, R Milliet, S 0-1 1 Jan 31, 2003 D00 Queen's pawn game  
Rainfray, A Rausis, I ½-½ 1 Jan 31, 2003 B14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik attack, 5...e6  
Chabanon, J Santo Roman, M 1-0 1 Jan 31, 2003 A89 Dutch, Leningrad, main variation with Nc6  
Berthelot, Y Bauer, C 0-1 1 Jan 31, 2003 C41 Philidor's defence  
Degraeve, J Mullon, J 1-0 1 Jan 31, 2003 C13 French, classical  
Moracchini, F Efimov, I 0-1 1 Jan 31, 2003 E38 Nimzo-Indian, classical, 4...c5  
Renet, O Giffard, N 1-0 1 Jan 31, 2003 D27 Queen's Gambit Accepted, classical, 6...a6  
Koch, J Philippe, C 1-0 1 Jan 31, 2003 B33 Sicilian defence  
Adams, M Nguyen Chi Minh, 1-0 1 Jan 31, 2003 C06 French, Tarrasch, closed variation, main line  
Marcelin, C Lautier, J ½-½ 1 Jan 31, 2003 B30 Sicilian defence  
Lutz, C Pinter, J 1-0 1.1 Jan 31, 2003 C97 Ruy Lopez, closed, Chigorin defence  
Gurevich, M Delebarre, X 1-0 1.1 Jan 31, 2003 E90 King's Indian, 5.Nf3  
Illescas Cordoba, M Tkachiev, V ½-½ 1.1 Jan 31, 2003 E41 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 c5  
Istratescu, A Sokolov, I ½-½ 1.1 Jan 31, 2003 D13 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, exchange variation  
David, A Kosten, A ½-½ 1.1 Jan 31, 2003 C08 French, Tarrasch, open, 4.ed ed  
Nijboer, F Georgiev, K ½-½ 1.1 Jan 31, 2003 C67 Ruy Lopez, Berlin defence, open variation  
Charnushevich, A Sharif, M 0-1 1.2 Jan 31, 2003 A40 Queen's pawn  
Schlosser, P Jansa, V ½-½ 1.2 Jan 31, 2003 D77 Neo-Gruenfeld, 6.O-O  
Gallagher, J Shchekachev, A 0-1 1.2 Jan 31, 2003 B90 Sicilian, Najdorf  
Dorfman, I Legky, N ½-½ 1.2 Jan 31, 2003 C00 French defence  
Pelletier, Y Khenkin, I ½-½ 1.2 Jan 31, 2003 D46 Queen's Gambit Declined semi-Slav, 6.Bd3  
Banikas, H Sermier, G ½-½ 1.3 Jan 31, 2003 D17 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Czech defence  
Glek, I Slobodjan, R ½-½ 1.3 Jan 31, 2003 C69 Ruy Lopez, exchange variation, 5.O-O  
Bologan, V Cousigne, F 1-0 1.3 Jan 31, 2003 B46 Sicilian, Taimanov variation  
Flear, G Godena, M 0-1 1.3 Jan 31, 2003 D45 Queen's Gambit Declined semi-Slav, 5.e3  
Komarov, D Rotstein, A ½-½ 1.3 Jan 31, 2003 A30 English, symmetrical variation  
Bischoff, K Dautov, R ½-½ 1.3 Jan 31, 2003 D10 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav defence  
Karr, J Fressinet, L 0-1 1.3 Jan 31, 2003 D46 Queen's Gambit Declined semi-Slav, 6.Bd3  
Brunelliere, P Sulava, N 0-1 1.4 Jan 31, 2003 A37 English, symmetrical variation  
Schenk, A Bellaiche, A 1-0 1.4 Jan 31, 2003 E97 King's Indian, orthodox, Aronin-Taimanov variation (Yugoslav attack / Mar del Plata variation)  
Beudaert, X Vallin, G 0-1 1.4 Jan 31, 2003 A30 English, symmetrical variation  
Fontaine, R Prie, E ½-½ 1.4 Jan 31, 2003 B37 Sicilian, accelerated fianchetto, Maroczy bind, 5...Bg7  
Tregubov, P Crouan, S 1-0 1.4 Jan 31, 2003 D11 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 3.Nf3  
Miralles, G Salaun, Y 1-0 1.4 Jan 31, 2003 C09 French, Tarrasch, open variation, main line  
Sokolov, A Landa, K ½-½ 1.4 Jan 31, 2003 B42 Sicilian, Kan, 5.Bd3  
Vallejo Pons, F Afek, Y 1-0 1.4 Jan 31, 2003 B29 Sicilian, Nimzovich-Rubinstein variation  
Ward, C Wagner, C ½-½ 1.5 Jan 31, 2003 D15 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 4.Nc3  
Eliet, N Piroth, A 1-0 1.5 Jan 31, 2003 B07 Pirc defence  
Touzane, O Kazhgaleyev, M 0-1 1.5 Jan 31, 2003 E92 King's Indian, classical variation  
Ignat, D Relange, E 0-1 1.5 Jan 31, 2003 E92 King's Indian, classical variation  
Godard, M Marciano, D ½-½ 1.5 Jan 31, 2003 D56 Queen's Gambit Declined, Lasker defence  
Adrian, C Baklan, V 0-1 1.5 Jan 31, 2003 E62 King's Indian, fianchetto variation  
Tirard, H Hauchard, A 1-0 1.5 Jan 31, 2003 B12 Caro-Kann defence  
Mensch, E Wirig, A ½-½ 1.6 Jan 31, 2003 D00 Queen's pawn game  
Cornette, M Payen, A 1-0 1.6 Jan 31, 2003 A07 Reti, King's Indian attack (Barcza system)  
Hebden, M Marchadour, C 1-0 1.6 Jan 31, 2003 E17 Queen's Indian, 5.Bg2 Be7  
Nataf, I Daurelle, H 1-0 1.6 Jan 31, 2003 C45 Scotch game  
Brochet, P Sermier, A 1-0 1.7 Jan 31, 2003 C47 Four knights, Scotch variation  
Leygue, D Mohebbi, J 1-0 1.7 Jan 31, 2003 B32 Sicilian defence  
Beikert, G Pujos, S 1-0 1.7 Jan 31, 2003 C02 French, advance variation  
Sarthou, G Anic, D 1-0 1.7 Jan 31, 2003 C72 Ruy Lopez, modern Steinitz defence, 5.O-O  
Delorme, A Apicella, M 0-1 1.7 Jan 31, 2003 C18 French, Winawer, advance variation  
Spielmann, A Bricard, E 0-1 1.7 Jan 31, 2003 D52 Queen's Gambit Declined  
Parmentier, X Maze, S ½-½ 1.7 Jan 31, 2003 B35 Sicilian, accelerated fianchetto, modern variation with Bc4  
Pilotelle, B Leski, M 0-1 1.8 Jan 31, 2003 B08 Pirc, classical (two knights) system  
Peter, S Moret, V 1-0 1.8 Jan 31, 2003 B76 Sicilian, dragon, Yugoslav attack, 7...O-O  
Crut, A Gouret, T 1-0 1.8 Jan 31, 2003 B01 Scandinavian (centre counter) defence  
Sebag, M Letreguilly, O 0-1 1.8 Jan 31, 2003 B40 Sicilian defence  
Aleksieva, S Le Roch, D 1-0 1.8 Jan 31, 2003 D05 Queen's pawn game  
Geenen, M Conan, C 1-0 1.8 Jan 31, 2003 B82 Sicilian, Scheveningen, 6.f4  
Marzolo, C Nezar, M 1-0 1.8 Jan 31, 2003 A11 English, Caro-Kann defensive system  
Skripchenko, A Bernard, J 1-0 1.8 Jan 31, 2003 B30 Sicilian defence  
Nicoara, M Goncalves, L ½-½ 1.9 Jan 31, 2003 D91 Gruenfeld, 5.Bg5  
Gervais, C Negraru, M 1-0 1.9 Jan 31, 2003 E81 King's Indian, Saemisch, 5...O-O  
Flear, C Leconte, M 0-1 1.9 Jan 31, 2003 E43 Nimzo-Indian, Fischer variation  
Le Gallo, F Moingt, J 0-1 1.9 Jan 31, 2003 B31 Sicilian, Nimzovich-Rossolimo attack (with ...g6, without ...d6)  
Barakoff, A Te Llalemand, R 0-1 1.9 Jan 31, 2003 A26 English, closed system  
Franc, N Moingt, A 0-1 1.9 Jan 31, 2003 A28 English, four knights system  
Hisleur, G De Sousa, J ½-½ 1.9 Jan 31, 2003 B01 Scandinavian (centre counter) defence  
Guyot, P Fontaine, R 0-1 2 Feb 01, 2003 B51 Sicilian, Canal-Sokolsky (Nimzovich-Rossolimo, Moscow) attack  
Sermier, G Gallagher, J 1-0 2 Feb 01, 2003 B07 Pirc defence  
Baklan, V Wagner, C 1-0 2 Feb 01, 2003 B31 Sicilian, Nimzovich-Rossolimo attack (with ...g6, without ...d6)  
Pelletier, Y Slobodjan, R 1-0 2 Feb 01, 2003 D11 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 3.Nf3  
Pinter, J Dautov, R ½-½ 2 Feb 01, 2003 D15 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 4.Nc3  
Afek, Y Legky, N 0-1 2 Feb 01, 2003 C02 French, advance variation  
Giffard, N Mazet, J 1-0 2 Feb 01, 2003 A14 English, Neo-Catalan declined  
Komarov, D Tirard, H 1-0 2 Feb 01, 2003 A43 Old Benoni defence  
Marcelin, C David, A 1-0 2 Feb 01, 2003 E34 Nimzo-Indian, classical, Noa variation  
Salaun, Y Karr, J 0-1 2 Feb 01, 2003 B21 Sicilian, Grand Prix attack  
Gurevich, M Istratescu, A 1-0 2 Feb 01, 2003 E12 Queen's Indian defence  
Stephan, J Beikert, G 0-1 2 Feb 01, 2003 B48 Sicilian, Taimanov variation  
Grischuk, A Marciano, D 1-0 2 Feb 01, 2003 C67 Ruy Lopez, Berlin defence, open variation  
Kosten, A Adams, M 0-1 2 Feb 01, 2003 A13 English opening  
Rotstein, A Bacrot, E 0-1 2 Feb 01, 2003 A23 English, Bremen system, Keres variation  
Brochet, P Sarthou, G 1-0 2 Feb 01, 2003 B22 Sicilian, Alapin's variation (2.c3)  
Sulava, N Pert, N 1-0 2 Feb 01, 2003 D13 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, exchange variation  
Nezar, M Wirig, A 1-0 2 Feb 01, 2003 D23 Queen's gambit accepted  
Nikcevic, N Tkachiev, V ½-½ 2.1 Feb 01, 2003 B40 Sicilian defence  
Georgiev, K Schlosser, P ½-½ 2.1 Feb 01, 2003 D46 Queen's Gambit Declined semi-Slav, 6.Bd3  
Delebarre, X Tregubov, P 0-1 2.1 Feb 01, 2003 A00 Polish (Sokolsky) opening  
Kramnik, V Dorfman, I ½-½ 2.1 Feb 01, 2003 B82 Sicilian, Scheveningen, 6.f4  
Delchev, A Illescas Cordoba, M ½-½ 2.1 Feb 01, 2003 B21 Sicilian, Grand Prix attack  
Nijboer, F Glek, I 1-0 2.1 Feb 01, 2003 C11 French defence  
Kazhgaleyev, M Charnushevich, A 1-0 2.2 Feb 01, 2003 E20 Nimzo-Indian defence  
Sokolov, I Rainfray, A 1-0 2.2 Mar 01, 2003 D38 Queen's Gambit Declined, Ragozin variation  
Crouan, S Rausis, I 0-1 2.2 Feb 01, 2003 B18 Caro-Kann, classical variation  
Shchekachev, A Sharif, M ½-½ 2.2 Feb 01, 2003 A84 Dutch defence  
1, , , , , , ,